Main The Vocabulary Builder: The Practically Painless Way to a Larger Vocabulary (Study Smart Series)

The Vocabulary Builder: The Practically Painless Way to a Larger Vocabulary (Study Smart Series)

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Year: 2004
Edition: 1st
Language: english
Pages: 168 / 163
ISBN 10: 0299192040
ISBN 13: 9780299192044
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Ifhe
Vocabulary
Builder

Other Books by Judi Kesselman-Turkel and
Franklynn Peterson
BOOKS IN THIS SERIES

The Grammar Crammer: How to Write Perfect Sentences
Note-Taking Made Easy
Research Shortcuts
Secrets to Writing Great Papers
Study Smarts: How to Learn More in Less Time
Test-Taking Strategies
OTHER COAUTHORED BOOKS FOR ADULTS

The Author’s Handbook
The Do-It-Yourself Custom Van Book (with Dr. Frank Konishi)
Eat Anything Exercise Diet (with Dr. Frank Konishi)
Good Writing
Homeowner’s Book of Lists
The Magazine Writer’s Handbook
COAUTHORED BOOKS FOR CHILDREN

I Can Use Tools
Vans
BY JUDI KESSELMAN-TURKEL

Stopping Out: A Guide to Leaving College and Getting Back In
BY FRANKLYNN PETERSON

The Build-It-Yourself Furniture Catalog
Children’s Toys You Can Build Yourself
Freedom from Fibromyalgia (with Nancy Selfridge, M. D.)
Handbook of Lawn Mower Repair
Handbook of Snowmobile Maintenance and Repair
How to Fix Damn Near Everything
How to Improve Damn Near Everything around Your Home

'rhe

Vocabulary
Builder
The Practically Painless Way
to a Larger Vocabulary

Judi Kesselman-Turkel and Franklynn Peterson

THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN PRESS

The University of Wisconsin Press
1930 Monroe Street
Madison, Wisconsin 53711
www.wisc.edu/wisconsinpress/
3 Henrietta Street
London WC2E 8LU, England
Copyright © 1982 Judi Kesselman-Turkel and
Franklynn Peterson
All rights reserved
5

4

3

2

1

Printed in the United States of America

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Kesselman-Turkel, Judi.
The vocabulary builder : the practically painless way to a larger
vocabulary /
Judi Kesselman-Turkel and Franklynn Peterson.
p. cm.
Originally published: Chicago : Contemporary Books, c1982.
ISBN 0-299-19204-0 (pbk. : alk. paper)
1. Vocabulary. 2. Word games. 3. Puzzles. I Peterson,
Franklynn. II. Title.
PE1449.K37 2003
428.1—dc21 2003050149

To Fran, who loves to do puzzles

CONTENTS
Introduction
1
1. For starters
2
2. It's all in how
3
3. Mystery istory
5
4. Alphabet soup crossword
6
5. End play #1
7
6. How verbal are you #1
8
7. First spotlight
9
8. Distant relatives
10
9. Scrambled maxims #1
11
10. Ods and ends
13
11. Meet the press # 1
14
12. Word twins
15
13. How does it look?
17
14. It's personal
18
15. Second spotlight
19
16. Melodrama matrix
20
17. Substitutions #1
22
18. Focus on idioms
23
19. Strong roots
24
20. Pros and cons
25
21. Meet the press #2
26
22. In a word
28
23. Make-a-word #1
29
24. Onion crossword
30
25. Hors d'oeuvres
32
26. Double threat
32
27. Theater talk
33
28. Substitutions #2
34
29. Battle plan
36
30. Loaded language
36
31. The animal kingdom
38

32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.

40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.

How verbal are you #2
38
Third spotlight
39
40
In-telligence test
41
Scrambled maxims #2
43
After-dinner talk
Ad stumper
43
Look-alikes
45
Anty matter
45
A family resemblance
46
47
Meet the press #3
Scrambled maxims #3
49
Desultory crossword
50
52
Four-letter words
Make-a-word #2
53
Small talk
54
Common ents
55
Meet the press #4
56
Double trouble
57
Scrambled maxims #4
61
Fourth spotlight
61
62
Substitutions #3
64
True or false
More family resemblances
65
Shades of meaning
65
Meet the press #5
67
Scrambled maxims #5
69
Personalities
70
No matter
70
71
How verbal are you #3
A nation of ations
72
Current events
73
Shades of meaning #2
75
Some more personalities
77
Euphemisms
78
Make-a-word #3
79
X marks the spot crossword
80

68. Meet the press #6
82
69. Scrambled maxims #6
84
70. It's about time
85
71. Family resemblances #3
86
72. Why y? Why not?
86
73. How verbal are you #4
88
74. Cat's play
89
75. Substitutions #4
89
76. Double threat #2
91
77. 0-0 crossword
92
78. Scrambled maxims #7
94
79. Look-alikes #2
95
80. Fifth spotlight
96
81. Happenings
97
82. Back problems
98
83. Word twins #2
99
84. Word work-out
100
85. 4-D crossword
102
86. Scrambled maxims #8
104
87. Meet the press #7
104
88. Words of one syllable
106
89. Sixth spotlight
108
90. Some more euphemisms
109
91. Double-takes crossword
1I0
92. How verbal are you #5
112
93. It's personal #2
1I3
94. Words, words, words
114
95. End play #2
115
96. Loaded words #2
116
Mini-dictionary
119
Answers
141

Ifhe
Vocabulary
Builder

INTRODUCTION
(Some Up-Front Words from the Authors)

We believe that vocabulary-building should be fun and
easy. That's why we created this little book of word games.
We also believe that only useful words are worth learning to
use. So instead of choosing words to fit a format or selecting
them at random from a dictionary, as some other vocabularybuilding books do, we've taken real words from the pages of
current magazines that are found in high school and college
classrooms and libraries. Then each word appears approximately four times through the book, often in slightly different
context or form, so you can learn a word's several synonyms
and definitions, not just one of its uses.
The 600+ words we've chosen are alphabetized at the end
in a mini-dictionary whose definitions are as simple and clear
as we can make them. The definitions aren't all-inclusive, and
in some cases they would be more precise if we used words
that are themselves uncommon and difficult to understand.
When we had to decide between clarity and precision, we
opted for clarity.
For the person with average vocabulary, the best way to
begin using the book is to scan the back-of-the-book dictionary whenever an answer is elusive. Each time you look up a
word, its meaning is reinforced. By the second or third time
you meet a difficult word, it should no longer be a stranger.
By the time you're halfway through these games-even if you
prefer to skip around rather than play them in order-you
should be able to do well without consulting the dictionary.
The individual who prefers challenge, or whose vocabulary
is well above average, should consult the dictionary entries
only for words he misses.
We hope you enjoy these games as much as we enjoyed
inventing them. If you do, tell your friends-and our publisher-and we'll get to work on another volume of stumpers.
Judi Kesselman-Turkel
Franklynn Peterson

1

1.

FOR STARTERS

For starters, here are some common prefixes, or word starters. They
begin the words that are defined below. If you remember the meaning of
a prefix, you can often use it as a clue to a word that has slipped your
tongue. (For added clues, we supply Words to choose from.)
Prefix

Meaning

English word's meaning

dis

not

e, es, ex

out,
out of,

(I) to claim no
responsibility for
(2) to make someone
not calm
(3) out of sight,
obscured
(4) to figure out
(5) to bring out
(6) turning the mind
from reality
(7) from official
authority
(8) to turn away, keep
from acting
(9) the product of
wearing away
(10) show of no concern
(11) not careful in
actions
(12) to force on people
(13) to spread
throughout
(14) to become aware of
through the senses
(IS) something needed
beforehand
(16) to know before it
happens

from

2

de

off,
away,

im, in

not

im, in
per

on, in
through

pre

before

Word?

retro

back

re

back,
again

(17) to prevent by prior
action
(18) a look back at past
works
(19) to put back in
former condition
(20) to say over and over
again

Words to choose/rom: deter, ex cathedra, disavow, disconcert, insouciance,
perceive, presage, reiterate, indiscreet, detritus, educe, eclipsed, reconstitute, preclude, impose, pervade, escapism, retrospective, elicit, prerequisite.

2.

IT'S ALL IN HOW

We all know the expression "If s all in how you look at things." Below
are 20 different ways of looking at things. How many are you familiar
with?

1. Reagan's advisors were sufficiently chagrined about poverty to
seek some remedy to unemployment.
(a) chastened (b) charged up (c) embarrassed (d) sorry
2. To diffuse criticism, the Senator mixed candor and contrition.
(a) truth and apology (b) suggestion and sorrow
(c) innocence and triteness (d) cunning and contrivance
3. The posters reflect the animosity between the two groups.
(a) hatred (b) war (c) animal behavior (d) love
4. The Premier gave a conciliatory speech in which he stated, "We
are not seeking confrontation."
(a) advisory (b) conversational (c) demanding (d) friendly
5. He made some desultory remarks about the state of the nation.
(a) off the topic (b) unsolicited (c) sour (d) thoughtless

3

6. The speaker displayed a disconcerting lode of misinformation
and a dubious grasp of details.
(a) unconnected, careless (b) distracting, doubtful
(c) bewildering. questionable (d) large, twofold
7. The President was criticized last week for his fecklessness on
foreign policy.
(a) recklessness (b) ineffectiveness (c) fickleness
(d) dirty tricks
8. The general has grown more hawkish toward his enemies since
retirement.
(a) graceful (b) flighty (c) liberal (d) saber-rattling
9. When it comes to clothes, she's an individualist.
(a) knee-jerk liberal (b) independent thinker
(c) capitalist (d) eccentric
10. The loss of the game was blamed on her intransigence.
(a) rigid sense ofvalues (b) obstinacy
(c) failure to show up (d) entrance
11. The instructor's remarks are occasionally irreverent.
(a) beside the point (b) ghost written (c) pious (d) flippant
12. They plan to challenge the obstructionist legislators at the polls.
(a) obstinate (b) standing in the way (c) structured
(d) walleyed
13. With total irony, they cautioned the old man not to let his
penury spoil his retirement plans.
(a) poverty (b) writings (c) frugality (d) spendthriftness
14. The "hawks" seemed to derive a certain relish from the ArabIsraeli unrest.
(a) dessert (b) extra something (c) pleasure (d) sense ofreality
15. A murderer's infamy usually increases in proportion to the
renown of the victim.
(a) bad reputation,fame (b) evil deed, smartness
(c) bad intention, refusal (d) horror, fight
16. I'm unable to speculate on what may have gone wrong.
(a) see (b) think (c) theorize (d) decide
17. The claim is nonsense, but he made skillful use of the data to
get his spurious message across.
(a) speedy (b) phony (c) digging (d) sputtering

4

18. This book was not produced by a stolid publishing house.
(a) stately (b) well-entrenched (c) unimaginative (d) old
19. We've got the most stringent gun control statutes in the United
States.
(a) strict (b) strident (c) strong (d) pungent
20. We need to back up our threats with telling action.
(a) ordered (b) effective (c) resounding (d) tenacious

3.

MYSTERY ISTORY

Each of the words in the left-hand column includes the letters is. But
that's all tney have in common. In the right-hand column are clues to the
words' definitions. Figure out which word goes with which clue.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

activist
anguish
boisterous
burnish
bristle
disciple
enterprise
fiscal
miscalculation
pacifist
populist
relish
requisition
schism
simplistic
visceral

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.

k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
p.

principled draft dodger
can't add, can't subtract
risky, but the goal is worth it
help get the word out·
if looks could kill
the people, right or wrong
the lovebirds broke up
what a rowdy gang
felt it clear to the gut
it's more complicated than that
in such torment, he tears his hair
ask for it in writing
that cause is worth fighting for
it's so good I can taste it
rub it so it shines
where there's money there's taxes

5

4.

ALPHABET SOUP CROSSWORD

To help you with this puzzle, we'll give the first letter of each word you
must find.

Across

l.A for reducing or ending
3. H for a bunch of
unrelated things
12. D for making impure
15. F for much noise by
many people
16. C for caution
19. M for a big one
23. G for wearing
26. S for an orderly system
29.0 for accommodating
30. P for rows
31. F for a celebration
32. L for lack of tight
control
33. A for having cut back

6

Down

2, B for someone who was
awarded money
4. D for part of, because of
5. P for a tricky tactic
6.0 for too much fun in
too little time
7. Q for energy
8. C for influence
9, P
10. J
11. 0
13. E
14.
17.
18.
20.
21.
22.
24.
25,
27,
28.

U
S
I
T
K
N
Z
W
T
V

plus eate for spreading
throughout
for government
for something bad may
happen
for something proved
experimentally
for a brat
for a sudden burst
for lacking in power
for a triumvirate
for a noisemaker
for helping develop
for fanatical devotion
for doing something
for slanted
for rival

5.

END PLAY #1

Let's focus on the word ending 'V, which is often added to an adjective
to make an adverb. Sometimes only the word changes; the meaning
remains pretty much the same. Sometimes, however, the meaning
changes slightly, too. Supply each missing Iyadverb from the definition
of the adjective it comes from-and then circle the adverbs that
changed meaning when Iy was added. (As an additional clue, we give the
first letter of each word. For more help, scan the Mini-Dictionary.)

1. eager

a

2. not appeasable
3. tending to keep one from using something

p

7

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

skillful
not fit or proper
so-called
urgent
crooked, indirect, or underhanded
painful or tender
open to view; plausible
guiltless; morally right
last, fatthest, most basic, or most extreme
friendly and unreserved
obstinate or cranky
horrifying, disgusting

d
u

a
o
s

o
r
u
a
p
a

16. not showing good judgment
17.
18.
19.
20.

awe-inspiring
permanent
independent, self-contained
guilty, blameworthy

6.

f

a

c

HOW VERBAL ARE YOU #1

There's a verb in the language to describe every conceivable shade of
action. Are you facile enough with your verbs to express all the following
actions?

1.
2.
3.
4.

to remind about duties or obligations (8 letters beginning with a)
to absorb into the group or culture (10 letters beginning with a)
to raise someone's spirits (6 letters beginning with b)
to halt an action or event that has just gotten underway (5
letters beginning with a)
5. to question in order to obtain useful information (7 letters
beginning with d)

8

6. to distract attention from a distressing situation (6 letters begmning with d)
7. to lower a person's status (6 letters beginning with d)
8. to take over a situation or group (5 letters beginning with c)
9. to check or control (4 letters beginning with c)
10. to plan out skillfully (8 letters beginning with e)
11. to prohibit the transportation offreight (7 letters beginningwith e)
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

to call to mind (5 letters beginning with e)
to lessen in intensity (5 letters beginning with a)
to join into a systematic whole (10 letters beginning with a)
to open a subject for discussion (6 letters beginning with b)
to obscure or darken (7 letters beginning with e)
to spread out strategically (6 letters beginning with d)
to sway from side to side (6 letters beginning with c)
to give promise of future action or performance (5 letters
beginning with a)
20. to make physically or emotionally impure (6 letters beginning
with d)
Word$ to choo$e from: abate, abort, admonish, articulate, assimilate,
augur, broach, buoy up, careen, co-opt, curb, debrief, defile, demean,
deploy, divert, eclipse, embargo, engineer, evoke.

7.

FIRST SPOTLIGHT

Throughout this book we'll spotlight some words that have interesting
histories. The first comes from the novel Candide by Voltaire, in which
there was a character who believed that this was the best of all possible
worlds and that everything that happened in it eventually turned out for
the best. The name of that character has come down to us as an
adjective which is used even today to describe someone who sees the
bright side of every misfortune. That word is spelled out in the first letter
of every word defined below. How soon can you fill in all its letters and
use them to help you find the rest of the defined words?

9

SPOTLIGHT WORD:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

_

unreal (6 letters)
unprepared words (2 words)
to sting (6 letters)
taunt (4 letters)
in transition (5 letters)
throw out (4 letters)
know-how (5 letters)
barnstorm (5 letters)
time between (7 letters)
mark of praise (8 letters)
ineffective remedy (7 letters)

8.

DISTANT RELATIVES

Each column contains 18 sets of words whose meanings are distantly
related. The right-hand column contains the synonyms for the words in
the left-hand column. First select the set of words from the right-hand
column that goes with each left-hand set. Then tell which word in the set
matches which synonym. Write your answers in the spaces below.

1. (a) outdoing,
(b) dominating
2. (a) period after,
(b) reaction
3. (a) enthusiast, (b) agitator
4. (a) deep pit, (b) penetrate
deeply
5. (a) obedient, (b) friendly
6. (a) mysterious, (b) secret
7. (a) mortified spouse,
(b) embarrassing occasion
8. (a) motivating,
(b) stimulating

10

A.

(1) lustrous, (2) burnished

B

D.

(1) cuckold,
(2) contretemps
(1) capping,
(2) overarching
(1) sway, (2) regime

E.
F.
G.

(1) fomenter, (2) activist
(1) relevant, (2) context
(1) backlash, (2) aftermath

H.

(1) affable, (2) compliant

C.

9. (a) shining, (b) shined
10. (a) surrounding,
(b) belonging
11. (a) consciousness,
(b) alertness
12. (a) authority,
(b) government
13. (a) damaged, (b) destroyed
14. (a) generalization,
(b) comparison
15. (a) troubles, (b) to trouble
16. (a) contrary,
(b) to contradict
17. (a) misfit, (b) mistake
18. (a) uninteresting,
(b) uninterested

Answers
1:-. a--.
2:-. a--.
3:-. a--.
4:-.a--.
5:-.a--.
6:-.a--.

9.

lr_.
lr_.
lr_.

b-_.
b-_.
b-_

I.
J.

(1) galvanizing, (2) causal
(1) beset, (2) adversity

K. (1) abyss, (2) fathom
L.

(1) arcane, (2) laconic

M.

(1) anomaly,
(2) miscalculation
N. (1) strangulated,
(2) impaired
O. (1) tedious, (2) perfunctory
P. (1) acuity, (2) sentience

Q.
R.

(1) belie, (2) perverse
(1) analogy, (2) abstraction

b-_
b-_.
b-_.
b-_.
11:-. a--. b-_.
12:-. a--. b-_

7:-.a-_,
8:-.a--.
9:-.a--.
10:-, a--.

13:-.
14:-.
15:-,
16:-,
17:-.
18:-.

a--. b-_.
a--. lr_.
a--. b-_.
a--. b-_.
a--. b-_.
a--. b-_.

SCRAMBLED MAXIMS #1

A maxim is a general truth, usually stated in simple and picturesque
words. If you fill in the correct word for each definition, the first letter of
each word, read in sequence, spells out the first and last halves of two
maxims. Elsewhere among our Scrambled Maxims you'lI find the other
halves of the two maxims. (To start you off, we've filled in two
definitions. And we've included Words to choose from for the easily
discouraged.)

11

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

early
imprecise representation
suicidal
living things' relation to the environment
malarkey
bottomless gulf
positive statement

"-ye,;.,.;s

_

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

relinquish voluntarily
strong longing
worsen physically
relax
completely clear
having to do with the study of religion
the campaign trail
earthquake center
agree to
mixture of various things
capable of being given an approximate
value
19. consolation
20. to cause agony
21. pale
22. to cause constant suffering
23. exclamation when puzzle is completed
Words to choose from: comply, theological, afflict, agonize, wan, solace,
hustings, hokum, abstraction, amalgam, abyss, waive, kamikaze, matinal,
impair, ecology, laze, explicit, hankering, tangible, epicenter.

12

1o.

ODS AND ENDS

Each word defined below has od, and, or end in it. How many words can
you fill in?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

a sedative
patronize
make-believe crying
fiery
soothing
feud
wander
platform
forewarn
magnificent
to station
foolishness
sincerity
meeting place
insinuation
foolish
central states
strategy
surpass
unfashionable
mediate
outpost
copy
jumble
caricature

Words to choose from: anodyne, bland, candor, condescend, crocodile tears,
doddering, fandango, grandiose, heartland, hinterland, hodgepodge,
incendiary, innuendo, lodge, meander, methodology, moderate, outmoded,
parody, podium, portend, rendering, rendezvous, transcend, vendetta.

13

11.

MEET THE PRESS #1

All these sentences come straight from one news article in the popular
press. Would you have trouble reading it? Circle the closest synonym
for the italicized word or words in each sentence.

1. From the halls of Congress to the posh living rooms of Beverly
Hills, Americans are becoming aware of the nuclear threat.
(a) partying (b) comfortable (c) chic (d) gaudy
2. The new movement includes doctors and lawyers with impeccable establishment credentials.
(a) unused (b) faultless (c) faulty (d) guilty
3. The resolution called upon the President to invite the Soviets to
negotiate on the proliferation of nuclear technology.
(a) rapid growth (b) airlift (c) creation (d) prohibition
4. The book's theme is an impassioned argument that nuclear
weapons have made war obsolete and world government
imperative.
(a) unfashionable, unquestionable (b) out ofdate, urgent
(c) unnecessary, important (d) repulsive, silly
5. They're rushing into print a paperback primer on the subject.
(a) volume (b) first-aid (c) pumper (d) textbook
6. The exchange between Reagan and Brezhnev probably did
more to augment superpower tensions than to ease them.
(a) predict (b) rend (c) heighten (d) lessen
7. Brezhnev declared that the Soviet Union would unilaterally
dismantle some of its missiles this year.
(a) on its own (b) by agreement (c) later (d) once
8. Reagan said that wouldn't necessarily put him in an analogous
position.
(a) similar (b) analyzing (c) logical (d) awkward
9. It might compel Brezhnev to take retaliatory steps.
(a) related (b) tailor-made (c) revenging (d) retail
10. It's that kind of scare talk that is galvanizing the nucleardisarmament advocates.
(a) coating (b) leading (c) frightening (d) arousing
i 1. "To have great appeal," she said, "her plan must be simple,
effective, and bilateral."
(a) two-faced (b) accounting for both sides (c) easily digested
(d) not made too late
.

14

12. Two organizations exemplify the passions and concerns of the
nuclear freeze movement: Ground Zero and PSR.
(a) leave behind (b) amplify (c) typify (d) hate
13. They're planning a catalytic launching of a mass effort to make
the nation discuss the threat of nuclear war.
(a) catastrophic (b) cataclysmic (c) rousing (d) dousing
14. He said, "The ball is rolling and we want to give it momentum."
(a) a push (b) strength (c) time (d) a reason
IS. PSR was until recently a moribund organization devoted to
detailing the medical consequences of nuclear war.
(a) dying (b) glum (c) hidebound (d) shameful
16. Its credibility was achieved as a single-issue organization.
(a) acceptance (b) reputation (c) believability (d) credentials
17. In an ongoing series of symposia across the country, members
lecture about the Bomb.
(a) formal discussions (b) informal get-togethers (c) concerts
(d) gyms
18. The U.S. and the Soviet Union already have large enough
arsenals to annihilate each other many times over.
(a) sweep the .floor with (b) mop up (c) chew up (d) wipe out
19. Some critics charge that the movement is ultimately a pacifist
one.
(a) largely, watery (b) in the end, appeasing (c) at last, thumbsucking (d) lately, prissy
20. The movement is still rather amorphous and unorganized.
(a) ambivalent (b) sleepy (c) dead (d) formless

12.

WORD TWINS

Many words have twins that mean exactly, or almost exactly, the same
thing. There are a number of twins in our vocabulary list. Let's focus on
some of them. (If you'd like help, scan the Mini-Dictionary.)

I, Two words that both mean quarrelsome

b
b

2, Two words that both mean caustic

a
m

3. Two words that both mean counterfeit

b

15

P
4. The first word means esteem, the second a
mark of esteem, the third to show esteem
5. To relieve or reduce anything
To relieve or reduce pain
6. Exuberantly loud
Offensively loud
Offensively loud or conspicuous
7. Friendly to gain favor
Friendly and forgiving
8. Three words that mean bring out

9. To shift back and forth
To turn round and round
10. Two little verbs of ridicule
11. When peace will reign on Earth
When persons will ascend to heaven
12. The first is an all-out attack, the second a
'small raid
13. Idle chatter between friends
Idle chatter between nations
14. Two words that both mean outdated

a
a
I
a
a
b
r
b
i
c
e
e
e
f
g
g
j
m
a
0

f
p
0
0

e
e
d
Two words that show denial: the first a
d
noun, the second a verb
Two words that both mean obstinate or ill- p
tempered
a
Two words that both mean supposed
p
t
The first is to cause emotional harm, the
a
second to distress acutely, the third the
a
resulting distress
u
Action on behalf of one side of an issue
a
Acting strongly to support one side ·of an
issue

15. Two words that mean hard to pin down
16.
17.
18.
19.

20.

16

13.

HOW DOES IT LOOK?

One word can often take the place of many-if you know the word.

I. That building is
'. (disproportionately low and
thick)
2. He has a
complexion. (pale and sickly)
3. He walks with a
skip. (young and fresh as
spring)
4. She favored us with a
smile. (here just for the
moment)
5. His hat was
'. (slanted to one side)
6; Her chin is quite
. (sticking out)
7. The car was
-_. (increased in power)
8. The clouds
across the sky. (were blown by the
wind)
9. The walls were painted
. (a muddy red-yellow
color)
10. The St. Bernard was
in size. (as big as an
elephant)
II. Vincent Price often looked
in his films. (as
gruesome as a dead thing)
12. There are
flowers in the field. (an uncountable
number)
13. The President's guards were dressed in
. (civilian
clothes)
14. The suit is
. (dull brown)
IS. Both husband and wife are
. (big and fat)
16. He walks with a
gait. (looking old and feeble)
17. He is a
young man. (unlively and unemotional)
18. The car gleams as if it were
. (rubbed to
shininess)
19. The ghost I saw was
. (had no definite shape)
20. He
when he speaks. (stutters and stumbles)
Words to choosefrom: bumbles, burnished, doddering, drab, myriad, mammoth, scudded, prominent, transient, vernal, squat, wan, skewed, souped-up,
ocher, macabre, mufti, gross, bland, amorphous.

17

14.

IT'S PERSONAL

Name the one word that sums up each of the people described below.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.

18

a trusted advisor
the person who had your job before you
a war resister
a big shot
a servant or lowly worker
a representative to another country
a person who's hard to figure out
an exile
someone from outer space
an inexperienced person
a believer in literally following the Bible's teachings
the head of a business
someone who attempts to avoid reality
a person left money in a will
someone who helps spread another's ideas
the purchaser of valuable artwork
one who is a perfect example for others
one who tries out for a job
someone who is a hundred years old
someone who's been abandoned by society
a person who disagrees with majority opinion
your opponent in a battle or contest
a god in human form
someone who causes others to change without any change in
herself
an expert attached to a diplomatic embassy
one of the fighters
a man whose wife is unfaithful
a fanatic

29. someone whose career is being sponsored
30. a youngster who lives in the streets
Words to choose from: ecclesiastic, mentor, urchin, adversary, catalyst,
fundamentalist, predecessor, pacifist, mogul, apotheosis, enigma, extraterrestrial, beneficiary, belligerent, protege, centenarian, aspirant, menial,

15.

SECOND SPOTLIGHT

Let's turn the spotlight on another word with an interesting history. This
one comes from a novel by Rabelais and was originally the name of a
gigantic king who had a great capacity for food and drink. The name
was more recently given to an ape in an American film. We use it today
as an' adjective to describe a common attribute of the ape and the king.
The word is spelled out in the first letter of every word defined below.
Fill in the spotlight word, and use it to find the rest of the defined words.
SPOTLIGHT WORD:

1. strategy

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

alertness
release
rotate
warning
foster
monotonous
courteous
generalization
manage

19

16.

MELODRAMA MATRIX

Here's a two-part puzzle for word sleuths. First find each of the words
defined below. As a clue, we've hidden each word in the matrix of
letters you see here, in the approximate order in which they're defined.
(The words may be found horizontally, vertically, or diagonally, so look
hard.) As you identify each word, write it in its appropriately numbered
space in the little melodrama we've written for your enjoyment-as
corny a melodrama as you're likely to find, we'll warrant.

x X K L A X 0 N S I M U L TAN E 0 USA
C X X U R BAN E X X V I R T U A L X X S
A X P F S POI L S X X Q I X X M A X M S
T X H I N T E R LAN 0 U U X X 0 R FOE
A X A A X J L X T X X elM X X R TAD S
C F L S X A U E X E H L 0 V U L PIN E S
L A A C G P S X GAD 0 A I X E H CDR E
Y R N 0 0 E I X N A X U T R X X 0 U A A 0
s e x X A X V K X X C TEA X X U L N T U
M I X A 0 V E R S A Rye T X X SAG E R
I C X X I R GAM B I T X E X X X T 0 X C
CAR E E N X X A poe A L Y P SEX 0 H
X L X 0 E P LOY GAR G ANT U A NFl
FOR MID A B LEX X X COR DON F N
PARADOXRAUCOUSHAWK I SH

31. an electrically operated
noisemaker
9. stopped in early stages of its
development
30. occurring at the same time
8. get totally rid of
32. a group of three people
33. determined the size of
12. extremely destructive
14. smooth mannered
16. for all practical purposes
23. not having a clear-cut
organization
17. a massive organization of
people, generally in rows

20

2.
26.
24.
10.
7.
3.
1.
39.
11.
34.
38.
5.

total failure
rewards
speak clearly about
to make less drastic
not part of the big city
hard to define precisely
wild dance
something mocking or
amusing
something passed on from one
generation to another
persuasive influence
absurd, laughable
desire strongly

18.
37.
28.
21.
20.
19.
36.
15.
4.

tricky
to stimulate or prod
to make demands
enemy
to compete with
ragamuffin
calculated moves
sway from side to side
the end of the world

35.
25.
22.
29.
13.

send into battle
huge
causing fear or awe
blockade
a puzzle that seems selfcontradictory
27. harsh, noisy, disorderly
6. warlike

A Melodrama Entitled "The Dance that Wasn't,
or The (1)
(2)
."
Would the (3)
after by (6)

(4)

5..<. )

.>-(

ne'er-do-wells from the ~(7~)

_
_

finally (8)
all semblance of civilization in the school?
Could it, instead, be (9)
or turned toward something
more (10)
so as to leave a (11)
less
(12)
? That was the (13)
facing Super
Syntax-super-hero disguised as an (14)
senior
_
English teacher-as he sped out of his office to ~(1:.::5..<..)
past a (16)
(17)
of .>........"-_
(19)
(20)
yet so (23)

(s). He knew that he was about to
with an (21)
so ~(2=2L-)
, that he could scarcely ~(2;:;...4;..:.)

_

_

to his faithful friend and companion, who fell in step with Super
Syntax, the (25)
(26)
the
"'---'-mob of crazed students might ~(2:..::8~)
_
before he could effectively (29)
the lunch room.
-,
(30)
with the sounding of the . :. ;;(3;.;:.1,-)
the dashing duo was joined by Coach, and together the
(32)
(33)
what .:.-(3......
4)'---

they

could (35)
, what iliL
they could use to
(37)
the mob with.
However, as Super Syntax flung open the lunchroom door, he
recalled that in reality, he'd been all along just a
,
(38)
character in this ~(3;.;;9..<..)

21

17 .

SUBSTITUTIONS # 1

How quickly can you choose the best substitute for each word in italics,
from the words we offer?

1. I'm not sure what effect the teacher's admonitions can have on
the student's work.
(a) complaints (b) corrections (c) warnings (d) grades
2. My opponent showed a cardinal lack of frankness.
(a) red (b) frightening (c) deep (d) important
3. It's possible for handgun enthusiasts to circumvent a law.
(a) detour around (b) trick (c) defy (d) circulate
4. The ambassador said, "We are not seeking confrontation."
(a) a clash of ideas (b) a palaver (c) trouble (d) defeat
5. Her denunciation of her colleague almost got her fired.
(a) accusation (b) discouragement (c) abandonment (d) delivery
6. His actions were detrimental to his interests.
(a) hidden (b) harmful (c) a throwaway (d) helpful
7. The several agencies involved have divergent views.
(a) troublesome (b) wishful (c) differing (d) running
8. A law has been passed effectively limiting the sale of cigarettes.
(a) absolutely (b) substantially (c) necessarily (d) wishfully
9. The stagnation of the economy has made bankers nervous.
(a) running away (b) inactivity (c) warring (d) warranty
1O. The prospect of trouble galvanized the town's deputies.
(a) frightened (b) polarized (c) incited to action (d) polished off
11. Among the union's grievances was the hiring of too many new
personnel.
(a) unhappinesses (b) discussions (c) causes (d) findings
12. A spirit of unity and purpose infused the members.
(a) filled (b) united (c) wired (d) sundered
13. Experts blamed the war on Argentina's intransigence.
(a) compliance (b) not moving (c) uncaring (d) refusal to compromise
14. The first pioneers were all rugged individualists.
(a) people (b) self-reliants (c) loners (d) fighters
15. The posters reflect the animosity between the two groups.
(a) resentment (b) difference (c) love (d) hole

22

16. They're more in the mood for lamentation than for celebration.
(a) loving (b) moaning (c) speaking (d) running
17. An entrepreneur announced that he was bringing computers to
town.
(a) investor (b) candidate (c) executive (d) owner
18. Since he's going to have mammoth deficits, he's muted his
horror at unbalanced books.
(a) animal, forgotten (b) hidden, overlooked (c) huge, toned
down (d) wasteful, dumb
19. Nine out of ten endorse nostrums like "more respect for authority" and "more family ties."
(a) cure-ails (b) doubtful remedies (c) enigmas (d) parables
20. When it came to buying the cat, he became an obstructionist.
(a) endorser (b) roadblock (c) troublemaker (d) candidate

18.

FOCUS ON IDIOMS

An idiom is a group of words that, put together, mean something
different from what they mean separately. Among the words in the lefthand column are ten idioms. Circle the two words that aren't idioms, and
then match them all with their closest synonyms in the right-hand
column.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

ex cathedra
shore up
trumped up
quantum leap
in lieu of
bruited about
crocodile tears
cordon off
ad lib
seriocomic
co-opt

12. fob off
13. ferret out
14. buoy up

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.

form a restrictive line
instead of
rumored in many places
bring to light
support
abrupt change
with authority
take over
perform without preparation
a show of false sorrow
combining serious and comic
elements
1. untruthfully put together
m. support
n. pass off as genuine

23

19.

STRONG ROOTS

Many English words are rooted in Latin. If you understand the meaning
of the Latin root, you can often figure out the meaning of the word. But
can you figure out the word from its meaning? (To help, we list all the
words at the end.)
Root

Meaning

vocare

to call

fundus

bottom

litigium

dispute

haerere

to stick

ped

malus
praeceps
acer
vertere

circulus

English word's meaning

Word?

(1) calling forth anger
(2) a call for help
(3) to sink to the
bottom
(4) almost bottomless
(5) prone to dispute
(6) a legal dispute

(7) holding together
logically
(8) lacking consistency
(9) ambling
foot
unimaginatively
(10) a charge of walkers
(1I) hatred, bad feeling
bad
(12) to speak evil of
headlong (13) rushing headlong
(14) very edge
sharp
(15) sharply bitter
(16) bitter anger
(17) one turned against
to turn
you
(18) a bad turn of
fortune
(19) to walk around;
circle
avoid
(20) careful to look
around

Words to choose from: acrid, acrimony, adversary, adversity, circumspect,
circumvent, cohesive, founder, incoherent, invocation, litigation, litigious,
malice, malign, pedestrian, precipice, precipitate, profound, provocative,
stampede.

24

20.

PROS AND CONS

All the words referred to in these clues contain either pro or con. Can you
figure them out? (Be careful. A few hide their pros and cons in the
middle.) For a real challenge, don't peek at the Words to choose from.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.

This con adjective likes argument
This con noun fits into its surroundings
This pro noun has a protector
This pro adjective is very deep
This con adjective is very sorry
This pro adjective is widely known
This con noun takes a face-to-face stand
This con adjective is concise
This pro adjective is open to question
This con noun happens at an embarrassing time
This pro verb takes someone's property
This con noun is pure guesswork
This con adjective is that way from birth
This pro verb breeds freely
This pro adjective shows an inclination, a proclivity
This pro noun is full of approval
This con adjective tries to appease everyone
This con noun is a chance event
This pro noun is a sphere of activity
This con adjective is unscrupulous
This pro verb proposes ideas
This con verb confuses and embarrasses
This pro adjective is too expensive
This pro noun brings a reconciliation
This con verb makes things blessed
This con verb stoops and patronizes
This con adjective winds and twists
This pro noun investigates

25

29. This con verb remakes things
30. This pro adjective is very suggestive
Words to choose from: approbation, expropriate, probe, problematic,
profound, proliferate, prohibitive, prominent, propensity, propound,
protege, province, provocative, rapprQChement, conciliatory, condescend,
confrontation, congenital, conjecture, consecrate, contentious, context, contingency, contretemps, contrite, convoluted, disconcert, laconic, reconstitute, unconscionable.

2 1.

MEET THE PRESS #2

All these sentences come straight from one news article in the popular
press. Would you understand it all?

1. Amid the forests of the Florida Everglades, Cuban exiles once
plotted to oust Fidel Castro.
(a) kill (b) rout (c) overthrow (d) rob
2. This time the rebels were Nicaraguan expatriates.
(a) envoys (b) patriots (c) sympathizers (d) exiles
3. Newsmen saw simulated assaults through mud and underbrush.
(a) planned (b) simple (c) imitation (d) copies
4. Gonzalez climbed atop a wooden podium and explained what
these maneuvers portended for the hated governments.
(a) pedestal, aimed (b) platform. signified
(c) footstool. pretended (d) truck. carried
5. When it comes to pointed questions, he's evasive.
(a) outspoken (b) avoiding direct answers (c) tricky (d) moody
6. Will he disclose the location of two training camps that he
purportedly runs in Florida?
(a) supposedly (b) single-handedly (c) purposefully
(d) preparedly
7. How about a visit to his putative paratrooper school?
(a) assumed to exist (b) punishing (c) golfcourse
(d) nonexistent
8. The reporter left, and life returned to its normal languor.
(a) weakness (b) long days (c) listlessness (d) meaning

26

9. The reporter brought home Gonzalez's plethora of incredible
claims.
(a) sackful (b) excess (c) level (d) manual
10. In San Salvador, the late afternoon heat was sweltering.
(a) heat-prostrating (b) suffocating (c) well-ta-do
(d) making welts
11. The shots were inevitable reminders of the strife that rages
through the tiny country.
(a) unlikely, rain (b) unwelcome, tyranny (c) avoidable, battle
(d) unavoidable, struggle
12. Threats of death vied with leaflets and posters as tools of
political persuasion.
(a) competed (b) lied (c) tied (c) lived
13. The assembly is to frame a new constitution and name an
interim president.
(a) interested (b) temporary (c) lifetime (d) fair
14. Leftist groups are boycotting the election.
(a) sending boys (b) sending cots (c) sending voters
(d) refusing to send voters
15. The guerrilla insurgency has escalated in the past year.
(a) instigation, climbed (b) rush, decreased
(c) mini-revolution, intensified (d) instance, scabbed
16. Will enough voters turn out to give the results any real
legitimacy?
(a) legality (b) weight (c) difference (d) notice
17. There is considerable public skepticism in this country where
elections have been manipulated since 1931.
(a) handled (b) controlled unfairly (c) managed (d) going on
18. Bombs and guns intimidate the people so they do not go out and
vote.
(a) threaten (b) pen in (c) frustrate (d) warn
19. Top officials expected a major rebel offensive, but guerrillas
launched only a handful of probes.
(a) blaspheme, rods (b) march, warnings
(c) attack, investigative efforts (d) faux pas, robberies
20. Then a group of insurgents opened fire on a funeral.
(a) uprisings (b) revolutionaries (c) scoundrels (d) dogs

27

21. The war is being financed by expatriate oligarchs.
(a) overseas businessmen (b) exiled supporters of the small
group in power (c) small outlaw groups
(d) patriotic enemies of the throne
22. He has been accused of plotting to overthrow the junta.
(a) government (b) rebels (c) ruling committee (d) jute growers
23. The junta's leader went on the hustings with his message.
(a) radio (b) television (c) campaign circuit (d) hinterlands
24. He's making efforts to moderate his image.
(a) tone down (b) belie (c) mediate (d) outdistance
25. Meanwhile, Washington was seeking to shore up the
beleaguered forces of moderation, and to answer all charges
with a perfunctory "no comment."
(a) wash ashore, quick (b) tie up, perfect (c) light up, dull
(d) bolster, mechanical

22.

IN A WORD

Some English words have been derived by putting two good words
together. Others only look like that's the way they evolved. Were all the
following words in the left-hand column originally two words? For each
word, circle Y for yes and N for no. Then match each word with its
meaning.
Originally
2 words?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

28

aftermath
backlash
chestnut
logjam

y
y
y
y

overarching
belie
cornerstone
beset
seriocomic
extraterrestrial

y
y

N
N
N
N

N
N
Y N
y N
y N
y N

a.
b.
c.
d.

from outside the earth
most basic element
result
mix of serious and
funny
e. strong negative reaction
f. all-embracing
g. stale story
h. impasse
i. trouble or set upon
j. contradict

23.

MAKE-A-WORD #1

The letters of the highlighted word appear, in order, represented by an x
in each of the words defined below. With the definitions and number of
letters in each blank given as clues, how fast can you fill in the
highlighted word-and use it to find the rest of the defined words?

_ _ _ _ _ _ (a word meaning the limits within which
one's authority may be exercised)

1. deadlock or impasse

X"---r2J

(3)

2. full of joy

TfjX"

3. secret dialect

TfjX"

4. gift recipient

xTfj

(4)

7. total failure

(4)

-x

8. done through habit
9. stop early on

12. shard

(5)

-x

6. false appearance

II. heat up for growth

(3)

-x

(4)

5. tilted to one side

10. debt settlement

(6)

(6)

x

(4)

x

(8)

TfjX"
(6)

(2)

(4)

x

29

24.

ONION CROSSWORD

We call this crossword puzzle Onion because it uses only
and un words from the vocabulary list.
Across

1. intensely disliked
5. mischievous youngster
7. no clear attitude:
___ committal
8. using so few words as to
seem rude
9. to destroy
11. someone cursed
13. a group within a larger
group
16. having little chance of
getting relief
19. having no name
21. a representative from one
country to another
25. official papers that support a
claim
28. invisible now, but able to be
made visible
29. extremely idealistic

30

an, en, in, on,

Down
1. expression that shows
similarities between things
2. same as 8 across
3. attaching one thing onto
another
4. someone who is intensely
disliked
6. an introductory action
10. flowing in
12. something that soothes
14. break into parts
15. showing very warm feelings
17. very, very poor
18. completely filled with or
affected by something
20. words around a passage that
affect its overall meaning
22. something very difficult to
explain
23. to cut away unwanted parts
24. to baflle
26. full of joy: jubi--27. not looking healthy

31

25.

HORS D'OEUVRES

Hors d'oeuvres are little snacks served before the meal. Since the verbs
in the left-hand column all end in ate, we're serving them up as hors
d'oeuvres. See if you can match them with their synonyms in the righthand column before the dinner bell rings.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

26.

alleviate
incinerate
differentiate
negotiate
extrapolate
obliterate
postulate
fluctuate
formulate
reiterate
pullulate
permeate
simulate
bifurcate
manipulate
speculate
aberrate
articulate
precipitate

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.

k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
p.

q.
r.
s.

accomplish
erase
repeat
penetrate
discriminate
project
branch
propose
deviate
guess
hasten
waver
relieve
swarm
compose
feign
burn
fasten
use

DOUBLE THREAT

The words defined below make a word chain in which the last two letters
of each word are also the first two letters of the word that follows. How
quickly can you complete the chain? To start you off, we provide the first
and last two letters in the chain.

32

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

to be in the same place at the same time
gets worse or goes wrong
heightens in amount or intensity
preferring to forget reality or routine
headlong rush of people or animals
expressing scorn
having the qualities of spring
one who is unselfishly devoted to others
to brand, especially as shameful
one who is fanatically devoted to a cause

27.

ot

THEATER TALK

Let's try a little talk about the theater.

1. The play is a musical about a hero who tries several ploys to win
the hand of a woman named Yum Yum.
(a) arguments (b) attempts (c) tricks (d) Hawaiian foods
2. The Lord High Executioner's speeches are filled with rhetoric.
(a) conviction (b) fancy words (c) knowledge (d) enthusiasm
3. The backdrop consists of artists' renderings of Japan.
(a) oils (b) representations (c) tear-outs (d) give-aways
4. Koko proscribes several modern villains in his song "I've Got a
Little List."
(a) sentences to death (b) advises (c) lists (d) suggests
5. Gilbert and Sullivan's plays always include at least one garrulous character.
(a) strangled (b) poor (c) gaudy (d) big-mouthed
6. There are only two gaffes in the entire production.
(a) stagehands (b) blunders (c) rude remarks (d) miscues
7. There is a song about the calamitous adventure of a bird who
sings tit-willow.
(a) sorrowful (b) turbulent (c) calming (d) disastrous

33

8. The musical contains several farcical episodes.
(a) absurd (b) idiotic (c) fanciful (d) farfetched
9. The performers always insert several ad libs.
(a) jokes (b) censored remarks (c) improvements
(d) improvisations
10. The program for the performance will be kept among our
memorabilia.
(a) memories (b) mementos (c) memoirs (d) memos

28.

SUBSTITUTIONS #2

Test your understanding of these sentences that appeared in a
newsmagazine.

1. Some 96 million Americans fuss, cuss, and struggle with
sheaves of tax forms.
(a) bundles (b) lists (c) piles (d) wrappers
2. This typographic tangle has proliferated since the 16th
Amendment.
(a) perforated (b) been preserved (c) multiplied (d) gone on
3. There are myriad laws, rules, and regulations to observe.
(a) murky (b) many (c) mighty (d) mixed-up
4. The tax form covers every eventuality from property losses to
lottery prizes.
(a) difficulty (b) event (c) deduction (d) possibility
5. Press coverage has improved with the influx of old pros such as
Peter Arnett.
(a) inflow (b) introduction (c) changing around (d) talent
6. The New York Times characterized the factions in succinct
articles.
(a) subgroups (b) factories (e) factors (d) actions

34

7. The paper's editor instituted a cleaner, livelier layout.
(a) taught (b) established (c) housed (d) offered
8. His insistence on rapid change nettled some staff veterans.
(a) comforted (b) punctured (c) caught (d) annoyed
9. Murdock cannot sack the editor without approval of the
directors.
(a) bag (b) fire (c) hire (d) heave
10. He's said to be bound to silence by his severance agreement.
(a) cutting (b) missing (c) separating (d) harsh
11. The mercurial Evans is a product of the working class.
(a) changeable (b) touchy (c) quick-witted (d) brilliant
12. In a speech, he lauded Evans' contribution.
(a) applauded (b) legitimized (c) seconded (d) spoke of
13. The bifurcated outcome, containing bad news for both sides,
was probably the result of a compromise by the jury.
(a) halfhearted (b) double-edged (c) two-sectioned (d) awful
14. James Earl Jones, the magnific actor now playing Othello, was
married at age 51.
(a) well-built (b) very tall (c) magical (d) magnificent
15. There are scatological scenes that Richard Pryor might envy,
but too often the shocks and surprises are gratuitous.
(a) obscene, uncalled-for (b) shocking, ungracious
(c) comedy, to pay a debt (d) runaway, too much
16. No detail is too gross to be recorded.
(a) heavy (b) vulgar (c) untimely (d) picky
17. His residual pride prevents him from putting euphemisms
between himself and his experience.
(a) left-handed, words (b) sticky, kind words
(c) remaining, pretty words (d) dry, pleasure
18. The book is filled with mordant memories.
(a) sharp (b) dying (c) unhappy (d) plentiful
19. The Germans saw in Hitler the apotheosis of their history.
(a) most sacred instance (b) most perfect example
(c) central figure (d) apathy
20. The author is a connoisseur of the raffish, the macabre and the
sleazy.
(a) floating, sttange, poorly made (b) doggerel, dance, ugly
(c) rakish, bony, slippery (d) unconventional, weird, shoddy

35

29.

BATTLE PLAN

Match these words of war with their synonyms.

I.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
IS.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

30.

strife
boycott
contention
unilateral
vendetta

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

cataclysm
blitzkrieg
spoils
detente
bastion
malice
kamikaze
insurgence
bellicose
internecine
mufti
deployment
hawk
confrontation
foray

f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
I.
m.
n.
o.
p.

peace
hatred
uprising
battle
civvies

catastrophe
raid
stronghold
warlike
one-sided
war
encounter
feud
self-destructive
placement
blacklist
q. bombardment
r. warmonger
s. booty
t. fratricidal

LOADED LANGUAGE

You can put a great deal of meaning into one word-if you know the
word. Can you find the missing word in each sentence?

l. That's a

2. The play was a poor
of display)

36

car. (of lasting value)
for her talents. (means

3. Two things were happening
. (at one and the
same time)
4. The two parties have to
the agreement.
(formally approve)
5. If you water that plant, it may be
. (brought
back to life)
6. The art exhibit was a Chagall
. (all his past
work)
7. Sparrows are
in England. (everywhere at once)
8. The thieves figured out a
for the robbery.
(plan for what was to happen)
9. Her ideas ran the
from silly to brilliant.
(continuous range)
10.
, he left the door open. (through accidental
oversight)
11. Those words
the conservative way of thinking.
(are a typical example oj)
12. Our meeting was a
that we both wanted to
forget. (embarrassing occurrence)
13.
speaking, the Mississippi is a river of gold.
(substituting a word to show a second idea)
14. They declared a
on arms shipment. (a
temporary suspension of activity)
15. That thesis is just
acceptable. (near the lower
limits)
16. The policy has a
that makes us responsible for
accidents in the street. (denial of legal responsibility)
17. You've shown an
lack of respect. (never
having happened before)
18. The paint job was purely
. (correcting just
surface defects)
19. The
for Scantily Clad Attendants is SCAT.
(word made of the first letters of several words)
20. Before we moved, we
all our property. (turned
into cash)
Words to choose from: metaphorically, scenario, inadvertently, retrospective, cosmetic, simultaneously, resuscitated, marginally, unprecedented,
acronym, ubiquitous, spectrum, vintage, vehicle, moratorium, liquidated,
exemplify, disclaimer, contretemps, ratify.

37

31.

THE ANIMAL KINGDOM

1. What word describes both a daytime bird of prey and a
warmonger?
2. What word describes an insect pest and, when you add a b.
means to suggest a topic?
3. What word is a male deer and, when an entire country is added,
means inaction?
4. What large lizard, when it's crying, means feigned emotion?
5. Add imilate to a donkey for a word meaning absorb.
6. Add ble to a young pigeon to get a noisy argument.
7. This word is both a pheasant-like game bird and a complaint.
8. Add irant to the snake that bit Cleopatra for a word meaning a
political candidate.
9. This red bird is also indispensable.
10. To a male sheep, add ification to get a consequence.
11. This word describes both a young bird and an inexperienced
person.
12. Add in to a mongrel dog to lay oneself open to trouble.
13. This extinct elephant also means huge.
14. Add gr to that Egyptian snake to achieve understanding.
15. This polecat also means to search out.
16. Add ess to the donkey to evaluate it.
17. One of the lobes on a whale's tail is also a stroke of luck.
18. Add aste to a baby sheep to punish verbally.
19. Add s and ding to what a cow chews to describe things blown by
the wind.
20. Put together a mongrel dog and its tail to cut this game short.

32.

HOW VERBAL ARE YOU #2

Can you choose just the right verb to express what you mean? Try your
hand at finding the verbs defined below-without peeking at the Words
to choose from.

38

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

to give a false impression (5 letters beginning with f)
to report a rumor in several places (10 letters beginning with b)
to lessen someone's pain or bad feeling (7 letters beginning with a)
to take up and support a cause (7 letters beginning with e)
to forfeit a contest through failure to perform (7 letters beginning with d)
to conclude on the basis of guesswork (10 letters beginning with c)
to turn to one's own economic advantage (7 letters beginning with e)
to bring to light by searching (9 letters beginning with f)
to bring out a response (6 letters beginning with e)
to form a restrictive line around something (9 letters beginning with c)
to cut short (7 letters beginning with c)
to add to what's already there (7 letters beginning with a)
to provoke hostility (10 letters beginning with a)
to demand as being needed and wanted (5 letters beginning with e)
to clear from blame (9 letters beginning with e)
to persuade against an action (8 letters beginning with d)

17.
18.
19.
20.

to
to
to
to

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

polish until it shines (7 letters beginning with b)
mix together different elements (10 letters beginning with a)
get along (4 letters beginning with f)
perform without preparation (5 letters beginning with a)

Words to choose from: ad lib, amalgamate, antagonize, assuage, augment,
bruit about, burnish, conjecture, cordon off, curtail, default, dissuade, elicit,
espouse, exact, exonerate, exploit, fare, feign, ferret out.

33.

THIRD SPOTLIGHT

Once again we'lI spotlight a word with an interesting past. This one goes
back to Greek mythology and describes the messenger of the gods, who
was also the god of commerce, eloquence, science, and thievery. As you
can imagine, he was a god of many constantly changing moods. We use
his name today as an adjective to describe an inconstant or changeable
person, a person born under his sign, or a person who shows his
eloquence, ingenuity, or thievishness. Fill in the adjective; its letters are,
in order, the first letter of every word defined below.

39

SPOTLIGHT WORD:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

_

early
eccentric
dissonant
take over
unsoftened
list
unweighable
receiver
penalization

34.

IN-TELLIGENCE TEST

Each word defined below begins with the letters in. How many can you
get right without peeking at the Words to choose from?

1. relating to torched property; tending to inflame
2. made legally ineligible; disabled
3. the very embodiment of a particular quality
4. severe poverty
5. to burn to cinders
6. unable to be broken apart
7. accidental
8. poor judgment in how one acts or speaks
9. to bring on oneself
10. cleverness in designing
11. inrush
12. lack of competence
13. independent thinker
14. to prod forward
15. completely filled
16. motivated to act
17. not satisfiable
18. nonchalant

40

19. unavoidable
20. attempting to win favor
21. unfairness
22. talent for taking action
23. well-deserved bad reputation
24. seemingly forever
25. interfere in another country's affairs
26. forming a basic part
27. accustomed to the undesirable
28. mutually destructive
29. going where one isn't wanted
30. insinuation of bad reputation
Words to choose from: inadvertent, incapacitated, incarnation, incendiary,
incinerate, incur, indigence, indiscretion, indissoluble, individualist, ineptitude, inequity, inevitable, infamy, influx, infused, ingenuity, ingratiating,
initiative, innuendo, insatiable, insouciant, inspired, instigate, integral,
interminably, internecine, intervene, intrusive, inured.

35.

SCRAMBLED MAXIMS #2

Fill in the correct word for each definition and the first letters, read in
sequence, will make up the first and last halves of two maxims, or wise
sayings. Elsewhere among our Scrambled Maxims you'll find the missing
halves of both maxims. To start you off, we've filled in a definition. But
try not to peek at Words to choose from until you must.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

a small tax
an election platform
opening a new era
relating to war
urgent need
key element
manifestation
dispense with

41

9. state of being an essential component
10. permissive
11. to become fixed in a place
12. overabundance
13. luminous
14. shocking
15.52 weeks
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

"-ye_a_r

_

to practice or engage in
yearning
encourage
foolish
arm of the sea
amusement
bunkum
stability
plot outline
unqualified
provoked
rough fragment
theoretical
self-contradictory
offering no indication of attitude
to impose or extort

32. loud spilling and hitting sound
Words to choose from: epochal, cornerstone, lax, appalling, inspire,
equilibrium, nettled, ironic, hustings, immediacy, integral, lustrous, hankering, hokum, unmitigated, hypothetical, exact, noncommittal, ludicrous,
lodge, epiphany, estuary, splat, shard, scenario, titillation, wage, plethora,
waive, martial, tithe.

42

36.

AFTER-DINNER TALK

Here's a game to play after dinner, since all the verbs in the left-hand
column end in the letters ate. Can you match them correctly with their
antonyms (meaning opposites) in the right-hand column?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

37.

abate
annihilate
consecrate
incapacitate
terminate
permeate
reinstate
instigate
interrogate
repudiate
adulterate
escalate
adulate
proliferate
assimilate
exonerate
stagnate
intimidate
degenerate
dessicate

a, rebuke
b. purify
c. intensify
d. activate
e. refresh
f. divide
g. profane
h. establish
i. dissuade
j. expel
k. diminish
l. incriminate
m. enable
n. answer
o. remove
p. begin
q. emanate
r. protect
s. adopt
t. improve

AD STUMPER

Most ads are written so that a 6-year-old can read them. But every once
in a while we come across one that challenges our intelligence. These
sentences come straight from a Mobil Oil Company ad. Choose the best
synonym for each italicized word.

43

1. In the minds of some pseudo astronomers, this rare configura-

2.

3.

4.
5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

44

tion of planets augured that celestial forces would propel us all
into the blackness of outer space.
(a) silly, warned (b) unnamed, meant (c) phony, predicted
(d) foot-dragging, wagered
For millions around the globe, life is a heart-rending journey
toward an elusive apocalypse which refuses to arrive in time to
end their suffering.
(a) trip to heaven (b) epoch (c) millennium (d) euphoria
Medical researchers cling to threads of clinical evidence with
only a miniscule chance that they will save a life years hence.
(a) minister's (b) half-way (c) tiny (d) happy
Some of life's ingredients are quite pedestrian.
(a) ordinary (b) slow (c) walking (d) dull
Chemicals that provide creature comforts are within the grasp
of human ingenuity.
(a) genius (b) inventiveness (c) use (d) engines
When products become scarce-by dint of nature's whimstheir shortage reflects itself in economic suffering, sometimes of
cataclysmic proportions.
(a) besides, overwhelming (b) bent by, uneven
(c) due to, overwhelming (d) because oj, unfortunate
Political squabbling interferes with the delivery of life's
prerequisites.
(a) dealing, results (b) quarreling, requirements
(c) infighting, needs (d) dining, perks
We're fearful that the millennium would spell the end of human
challenge.
(a) world's end (b) 21st century (c) year ofpeace
(d) time in paradise
Serious scientists postulate that the solar system may disintegrate in a few billion years.
(a) post notice (b) possess (c) claim (d) wish
It gives us time to think coherently about the efficacy of war as a
way of settling things.
(a) truthfully, efficiency (b) carefully, effort
(c) strongly, silliness (d) logically, effectiveness

38.

LOOK-ALIKES

Some words look just enough alike that, if we read quickly or listen
inattentively, they can be confused. See if you know which means which.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)
(a)

39.

profound, (b) propound
flounder, (b) founder
diverge, (b) divert
punitive, (b) putative
demean, (b) demeanor
oblige, (b) oblique
paradigm, (b) paradox
renounce, (b) renown
specter, (b) spectrum
instigate, (b) institute
irreverent, (b) irrelevant
parity, (b) parody
implacable, (b) impeccable
abate, (b) abort
transient, (b) transcendent
entity, (b) entitlement
malice, (b) malign
ramification, (b) ratification
shrewd, (b) skewed
straggle, (b) strangle

(1) deep-felt, (2) propose
(1) to sink, (2) a fish
(1) differ, (2) distract
(1) supposed, (2) retaliatory
(1) disgrace, (2) behavior
(1) obligate, (2) devious
(1) dilemma, (2) model
(1) eminence, (2) relinquish
(1) range, (2) spirit
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(I)
(1)
(I)

incite, (2) begin
unrelated, (2) disrespectful
imitation, (2) equality
perfect, (2) unyielding
lessen, (2) stop
fleeting, (2) surpassing
thing, (2) claims support
hatred, (2) harmful
approval, (2) outgrowth
tricky, (2) slanted
choke, (2) stray

ANTY MATTER

All the words described in the following sentences contain ant. Do you
know the words?

1. The woman jumped for joy. She was j-ant.
2. The ape is huge. He is 8--anL--.
3. The statement is very much to the point. It is r-ant.

45

4. You must take back your words. R
ant!
5. Computer science has progressed greatly. It was a
q - a n t - leap.
6. His behavior is abnormal. It's a
ant.
7. That's too high a price. It's e
ant.
8. I've got a great liking for good music. It's a strong
p-ant.
9. She was one of the hopefuls in the Miss America contest.
ant.
She was an a
10. Look at his bright red hat. It certainly is f-ant.
11. That has nothing to do with the matter. It's i
ant.
12. The contest sponsor raised the amount of the prize. He
upped the ant-.
13. The play affected me deeply. It was pant.
14. Don't oppose him. He doesn't like to be ant-.
15. I couldn't change the child's mind. He remained a
ant.
16. That was an impudent remark. It was i
ant.
17. He spoke offensively loud. It was a b
ant attempt for
the limelight.
18. The coat was just soiled. It suffered no s
antdamage.
19. The speaker used a lot of sarcasm. He displayed a
m
ant wit.
20. The leaders were triumphant, and their followers were
e-ant.

40.

A FAMILY RESEMBLANCE

In each series, all but one of the words belong in the same family. Circle
the word that's an outsider, and tell what the others have in common.

1. cordon off, curb, curtail, foster, prune
2. acrid, animosity, anodyne, scathing
3. bogus, spurious, duplicitous, utopian, pseudo
4. legitimate, spurious, substantive, tangible, veritable

46

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

enterprise, impotence, initiative, spunk
bastion, estuary, precipice, rendezvous, ubiquitous
polymath, primer, pseudonym, vehicle
banal, bumbling, mediocre, pedestrian, trite
cardinal, centenary, fiscal, troika, triumvirate, unilateral
hodgepodge, logjam, detritus, shard, sheaf

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

ante, collateral, legacy, levy, tithe
dubious, interrogate, inured, trepidation
formulation, methodology, miscalculation, postulate
ecological, heartland, hinterland, hustings, municipality
deftly, ineffectual, ineptitude, mediocre
exonerate, expropriate, pilfer, proscribe
blitzkrieg, incendiary, incinerate, mortification
jurisdiction, laud, legacy, legitimacy, litigation
cosmetic, facade, panacea, puffery
arcane, argot, latent, overt

41.

MEET THE PRESS #3

All these sentences are straight out of the popular press. If you met their
authors at a party, would you know what they were talking about?

1. They've found such historical detritus as FDR's lap robe, Nazi
pilots' socks, and a banner from a John L. Sullivan fight.
(a) memorabilia (b) ruins (c) mixture (d) additions
2. Vince meandered through the large, dusty room, past lost cultures and found treasures.
(a) wandered casually (b) ran quickly (c) made his way
(d) got lost
3. Which powers are the proper province of the national government and which are reserved to the states?
(a) location (b) decision (c) junction (d) persuasion
4. The President's televised performance was vintage Reagan,
flawlessly paced and forcefully persuasive.
(a) fine quality (b) outdated (c) obsolete (d) new style

47

5. He has long been nurturing the seeds of federalism.
(a) hiding (b) harvesting (c) blowing (d) developing
6. The advisor has been searching for a vehicle to regain domina
tion of the political debate.
(a) device (b) automobile (c) trick (d) courier
7. The Senator was unlikely to be diverted by the committee's
grandiose plan.
(a) thrilled, huge (b) turned aside, wishful
(c) cajoled, wishy-washy (d) distracted, pompous
8. There are too many imponderables for anyone to predict deficits or surpluses with any degree of accuracy.
(a) unthinkable thoughts, disadvantages
(b) heavy items, minuses (c) unweighable things, shortages
(d) airy ideas, losses
9. One of their implicit goals is to cap or reduce social spending.
(a) thoughtful, top (b) unhesitating, keep from rising
(c) unquestioned, cork up (d) suggested, stop
10. The plan foundered on the rocks of the committee system.
(a) fished (b) sank (c) washed up (d) floated
11. The fathers of these social programs will not be at all eager to
see them terminated.
(a) ended (b) bridged (c) locked up (d) dead
12. The Democrats are expected to make political capital of the
perceived unfairness of his progams for the poor.
(a) obvious (b) suspected (c) noticed (d) subjective
13. Nobody quarreled with his professed goals.
(a) stated (b) lying (c) desirable (d) candid
14. His real motives were not as altruistic as those he set forth.
(a) true (b) all-encompassing (c) devoted (d) unselfish
15. Shefobbed it offon the states, expecting it would die there.
(a) wished it (b) passed it off (c) inflicted it (d) watched it go
16. Cities are pitted against state capitals as all jockey to protect
their own economic interests.
(a) fight (b) race (c) maneuver (d) work
17. Only a federal presence can hold down the inequities stemming
from unwillingness to deal fairly with the problem.
(a) troubles (b) tenacity (c) unfair results (d) uncaring results
18. The primary rationale seems to be convenience.
(a) result (b) explanation (c) difficulty (d) trick

48

19. They scurried off to their computers to determine just how they
would fare in dollars.

(a) get along (b) eat (c) payoff (d) get paid
20. If the swap is approved, the estimated disparities will be large.
(a) disrepair (b) despair (c) differences (d) losses

42.

SCRAMBLED MAXIMS #3

The first letters of each defined word, read from top to bottom, make up
the first and last halves of two maxims. Elsewhere among our Scrambled
Maxims are the missing halves of both maxims. To start you off, we've
filled in a definition. Try not to peek at Words to choose from.

1. to nourish

2. red-yellow color
3. hesitant, irresolute
4. apparent
5. indirectly

6. place or stead
7. dying

8. one of a ruling group
9. patent medicine
10. suicidal
11. to take advantage of
12. quick hard pull

yank

13. obviously harmful
14. out in the open

Words to choose from: detrimental, exploit, faltering, lieu, kamikaze,
moribund, nostrum, nurture, obliquely, ocher, oligarch, overt, ostensibly.

49

43.

DESULTORY CROSSWORD

We call this a desultory crossword puzzle as a warning not to look for
any well-defined plan as to whether a set of letters forms a word or not.
All you can go by are the numbers and the definitions below.

Across

1. spread gossip (2 words)
5. said of overused
expressions

8. lacking firmness
10. word introducing
hypothetical statement

11. when two ideas agree they
_ _cide
12. to fight for superiority
15. by vested authority (2

words):

_

_ _edra
16. loud or very conspicuous
17. was typical of:
exemplif_ _
18. because of (3 words): by

_ _ _ _ of

20. what one does at a food
orgy
22. prefix meaning not
23. holding together well
27. wander en route
29. hinterland building
30. clothing
33. suspended judgment
34. float
37. edge of a precipice
39. to chair: moder_ _

50

40.
41.
43.
46.
47.

hardened into acceptance
central region
turn and turn and turn
no anathema for skiers
silly, childish

Down

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
9.
11.
13.
14.
16.

stumbling or stuttering
unchangeably
two-sided
attack: _ _fensive

poison-infected
staple of indigent people
accidental oversight
divine human
act of firing: severanflamboyant skin mark
violent conflict
verb infinitive describing
an entity
19. deadlock in negotiations
21. to control, often with
trickery

24. salesman's nonsense
25. 21-gun salute
26. device for displaying one's
talents
27. overly sentimental
28. shortfall or loss
31. keen sight
32. lodgers
34. to practice self-puffery
35. to check
36. ocher is a mixture of
yellow and
_
38. warring part of a group:
facti42. explanation: ration44. something to soothe:
_ _odyne
45. spoken communication:
rhe-ric

51

44.

FOUR-LETTER WORDS

Even 4-letter words sometimes give us trouble-though they often slip
by so quickly, we overlook the fact that the meaning isn't clear. Test
how well you know the 4-letter words on the left by matching them with
their synonyms from the list on the right.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

52

curb
drab
foil
fare
coup
wage
goad
garb
fete
gibe
tack
rift
lieu
oust
levy
laud
posh
jape
smug
sway
muck
orgy
laze
cull
dint
buoy
ante
seep
ploy
sack

a. praise
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.

1.
m.
n.
o.
p.

q.
r.
s.
t.
u.
v.
w.
x.
y.
z.
aa.
bb.
cc.
dd.

self-satisfied
wild party
rest
force
thwart
slime
master stroke
rob
direction
unchanging
engage in
cheer
prod
elegant
restrain
party
taunt
manage
choose
dress
tax
power
leak
break
tactic
place
mock
expel
payoff

45.

MAKE-A-WORD #2

The letters of the highlighted word appear, in order, where we've marked
an x in each word below. Using the definitions and numbers of lette~
we've given as clues, how fast can you fill in the highlighted word-and
use it to find the rest of the defined words?

(a word meaning something that proves the truth or
genuineness of something else)
1. coming from a
cause

(4)

2. popularity
3. not vague

(3)

x

(7)

4. to sell hard and
deceitfully

-x

5. land just above an
earthquake

(iJ7

7. explanation for
what happened

9. sympathetic
involvement in
another's
experience

(5)

7(iJ

6. to bring on oneself

8. emotional balance

7(iJ

(3)

x
(5)

x

(5)

(6)

10. uniquely significant
11. to limit in
fluctuation

53

12. device to milk the
audience

7iJx

-x

13. break in affection

46.

(3)

(3)

SMALL TALK

Each of the words in the left-hand column has to do with the way we
speak. Can you find its closest synonym in the right-hand column?

54

1. prattle

a. nicety

2. monologuist

b. unintelligible

3. disavow

c. hint

4. mimic

d. oration

5. profess

e. palaver

6. noncommittal

f.

7. gaffe

g. imitate

8. incoherent

h. intelligible

9. innuendo

i.

unyielding

10. gibe

j.

witticism

11. dissuade

k. conversational

12. euphemism

l.

13. garrulous

m. deny

14. harangue

n. praise

15. admonition

o. warning

16. allegory

p. politic

17. coherent

q. parable

18. adamant

r. unconvince

19. blatant

s.

blunder

20. colloquial

t.

talkative

21. conjecture

u. noisy

22. boisterous

v. guess

23. accolade

w. telescoped word

24. acronym

x. allege

25. disclaimer

y. denial

soliloquist

excited

47.

COMMON ENTS

Hidden in each of the sentences below is the definition-as well as
another clue-to a word that ends in ent. Can you find all the words
without peeking at Words to choose from?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

It isn't there now, but it may be later.
In transit, but producing effects that linger on.
This woman is wise, careful, and discreet as well.
I'm sensitive to sensory impressions.
Don't dillydally; we want a show of earnest effort.
The immi is so close, it's almost on us.
He refuses to give up on the transit system.
Part of the potion gives him his power.
The diver doesn't accept the rules.
Do you feel very strongly about the fur piece?
Dig this: insufferable poverty.
Not quite a cultural revolution, but a rebirth.
The unintentional oversight is in the ad.
One is sterile, the other just powerless.
Either or, on the scales it looks uncertain.
Dis person don't agree wit da group's opinion.
Shh! It's causing no trouble right now.
At the prom she's a stand-out.
Strictly speaking, he's at the end of his string, since
circumstances have him tightly bound.
Her company papers don't make sense.
Take the train beyond the end of the line.
Half an omen, but add to what's already there.
On this part of the continent, we depend on something else
happening.
Go a.round the circle to achieve a strategic victory.
In this state they will give you back your old job.

Words to choose from: dissident, diligent. indigent. incoherent, impotent.
imminent. fervent. latent. ambivalent. inadvertent, intransigent. renascent,
transient. potent. prominent. prudent. transcendent. reinstatement. quiescent. sentient, stringent, contingent. circumvent. divergent. augment.
55

48.

MEET THE PRESS #4

Here's another set of sentences straight out of the popular press. How
many make sense to you?

1. The unemployment figures are the most watched, and the
most politically potent. of all the monthly economic reports.
(a) troublesome (b) potential (c) powerful (d) harmful
2. Such familiar panaceas as public service jobs have been
largely discredited.
(a) trade-offs (b) placebos (c) cure-ails (d) rip-offs
3, The exorbitant cost of borrowing especially plagued the
construction industry.
(a) too-high (b) encircling (c) out of sight (d) ridiculous
4. White House officials fervently hope that by fall the rate
will go down.
(a) quietly (b) lately (c) slowly (d) hotly
5. Of the people lining up for hot meals, she said, "We have
always had the derelicts."
(a) poor (b) bums (c) stingy (d) dirty
6. Some are virtually unable to work because of physical
problems.
(a) truly (b) almost completely (c) slowly (d) clearly
7. They lead a marginal existence or hustle odd jobs.
(a) barely acceptable. work hard to get (b) doubtful. steal
(c) on the outskirts. do poorly (d) edgy. scare up
8. Most discouraged workers are willing to take even the most
menial and lowest paid jobs.
(a) dirty (b) undignified (c) difficult (d) barren
9. The derisive comment was: "It was pure show business,
demeaning the very topic it addressed."
(a) angry. defiling (b) troublesome. muckraking
(c) scornful, belittling (d) overriding, troubling
10. Predicting the size of the audience was problematic.
(a) bewildering (b) difficult (c) no problem (d) impossible
11. At first she stood aloof from the planning fOJ: the centenary,
but then she got involved.
(a) hundredth anniversary (b) next hundred years
(c) one-cent coin (d) ten-cent piece

56

12. The speaker obliquely compared Roosevelt with himself.
(a) halfheartedly (b) confusingly (c) indirectly (d) devotedly
13. Hamilton Fish was stigmatized and immortalized in FDR's
lambasting campaign refrain "Martin, Barton, and Fish."
(a) burned. fiery (b) discredited. attacking
(c) branded. ironic (d) singled out. tasty
14. Few of the many items of memorabilia were beyond repair.
(a) mementos (b) trash (c) importance (d) worth
15. The level of radioactivity did not rise appreciably.
(a) measurably (b) thankfully (c) greatly (d) truthfully
16. The mishap may be a portent of troubles ahead.
(a) small taste (b) opening (c) mirror (d) warning
17. Police cordoned off the busy street.
(a) put soldiers around (b) put barriers around (c) detoured
(d) closed
18. His condition after his rescue could be described as one part
shock and two parts euphoria.
(a) confusion (b) numbness (c) elation (d) wisdom
19. The Italians were jubilant at having cracked the case.
(a) thrilled (b) talkative (c) joyful (d) red-faced
20. Spontaneous cheers echoed throughout the crowd.
(a) loud (b) sudden (c) unrehearsed (d) muted

49.

DOUBLE TROUBLE

Here are definitions for 85 words, everyone of which includes double
letters, 55, II, ee, dd, etc. They are all located horizontally in order of
definition in the jumble of letters below-but beware, for there are
nonsense letters between many words. And to make it a bit tougher,
some of the defined words overlap.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

a long hostile feud
changing boundaries to put a suburb within city limits
not showing a clear-cut attitude on a particular subject
pretend to know something
to produce without restraint
producing a strong effect
vulgarly flashy

57

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

58

the money lacking to meet a predetermined goal
an animal track
to avenge or repair a wrong
beside the point
pleasurable excitement
unattractive
to plan well
irregular or not easy to predict
helping to substantiate
fictional story that demonstrates a factual point
to pick and choose from a group
a happy escapade
slip fluidly through a small opening
not in good humor
to continually annoy
a noisy quarrel over nothing of great importance
effectiveness of, for instance, a sedative
an American technical expert in London's U.S. Embassy
it came from Mars, so it's called
_
make a bad condition somewhat better
unless you want to quibble, this is
how it is
chatter
since we disapprove of your policy, we'll
your
next meeting
illegally passing a boundary line
to arouse sharp feelings of annoyance
much more than enough
having real-world knowhow
flitting along in the breeze
big, unpleasant, crude
give in
in a mood to start trouble
a Brownie point given by an admirer
search until you find something that's been concealed

to pass off a counterfeit as the real thing (2 words)
not successful at all
try to wreck
not likely to be offensive
wander away from the rest
holding down or back
to decide a value for taxation
when someone uses the wrong fork
someone who disagrees with an established philosophy
to talk somebody out of doing something
taking charge of somebody else's life whether they like it or
not
52. the ability to just talk, talk, talk, talk, talk
53. decision to be cordial with one another
54..a sense of being of immediate importance
55. said of a person who's bad and likely to stay that way
56. when something is going to happen any day now
57. something that doesn't have the desired effect is
_
58. an implied or subtle slur on somebody's character
59. an all-out attack
60. unrealistically optimistic about everything
61. to drain of all emotional and intellectual energies
62. had as a condition since birth
63. to zig and zag out of control
64. what it is when you grab something before others can get it
65. publicity exaggeration
66. thinking about other things
67. this person held the job just before you
68. enough to see or measure
69. satisfy him so he'll keep quiet
70. hostile
71. informal kind of talk
72. a quick and big growth
73. almost without exception
74. a lack of responsibility
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.

59

75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.

1000 years
sticking one's nose in where not wanted
got no respect
senile or foolish
ask questions formally and systematically
perfect, or mighty close to it
not capable of being broken up
praise from an official
get rid of entirely
recognized as having come from someone in particular
tell the difference between two things

RAQUVENDElTANNEXATIONONCOMMllTALXUYGHIPROFESSPULLULATELLINGE
SEDARAFFISHORTFALLINGEDSESSELLMANELLESSNNENNEINGSSPOOREDRESS
SSSEEIRRELEVANTITILLATIONALLLlNNQZWIZOWANNUNPREPOSSESSINGING
INGRENGI NEERRATICOLLATERALLEGORYCULLALLONNIMLYQUAZXSPREELLAN
PESEEPEEVISHARASSSSSSSSSSSSSSSQUABBLEFFICACYYYYYALAITACHEDEE
REXTRATERRESTRIALLEVIATEFFECTIVELYI NGGGANEOUSLYEIIEPRAlTLEBE
ENACIONBOYCOlTRANSGRESSIONElTLEXCESSIVELYINGIILLLSONSAVVYIEE
ARNGSCUDDINGROSSUCCUMBELLICOSELLIOUSLYVERACCOLADEFERRETlTELY
ELLOUSQUIENFOBOFFRUITLESSCUlTLEINNOCUOUSTRAGGLEREPRESSIVERRR
SSSSASSESSGAFFEDISSIDENTDISSUADEDOMINEERINGGARRULOUSNESSESSS
EVEVAVOVIVINGOLlTPPEOWIEPLlENMSPOOIGNNFMROOPDDJEEIOLLKLYPOOP
PRAPPROCHEMENTIMMEDIACYINIMIMMONNINCORRIGIBLEDOIIMMINENTININ
EININEFFECTUALLELLINNUENDOFFENSIVEPANGLOSSIANONDESSICATEOIII
REENEERKEEI NECONGEN ITALLYCAREE NEEMEERPREEMPTIVEEPUFFERYEEREE
UNPREPERPREOCCUPIEDERPREPERPRPREDECESSORAPPRECIABLEASSUAGEEE
L1LLBELLIGERENTELLlLLCOLLOQUIALLLlNGROUNDSWELLVIRTUALLYLLYLL
LFECKLESSNESSSSESSISSOMILLENNIUMOFFICIOUSIRREVERENTDODDERING
GRINTERROGATEREIIMPECCABLEELLIINDISSOLUBLEEEAPPROBATIONNEERI
IAANNIHILATEEAlTRIBUTABLEEDDDIFFERENTIATEEERINGEERLLYOONNEXX

60

50.

SCRAMBLED MAXIMS #4

The first and last halves of two familiar maxims are spelled out in the first
letters of the words defined below. After you've figured out the maxims,
you can use them as clues to the other halves, which are lurking in
Scrambled Maxims #7. For an additional clue, we've filled in several
letters.

1. deep chasm
2. bewildering or doubtful
3. a puzzle or mystery

n
n
y
4. continuous sequence or range
5. continual fluctuation
6. experienced secondhand
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

based on experience or observation
outward behavior
choked, strangled
friendly
to free from guilt
supporting evidence for a claim
superficially polite and friendly

n
14. undiscriminating, rash, or indecent

n
15. balance

Words to choose from: affable, abyss, ambivalence, demeanor,
empirical, enigma, entitlement, indiscreet, equilibrium, problematic,
spectrum, strangulated, suave, vicarious, vindicate.

5 1.

FOURTH SPOTLIGHT

The word in our spotlight comes from German and literally means
lightning war. It came into English during the Second World War, when it

61

was used to describe violent surprise bombardments by massed air
forces and mechanized ground forces acting in close coordination. By
now it has come to mean any swift, vigorous attack. The spotlight word
is spelled out with the first letters of every defined word. How quickly
can you fill in all the missing words?
SPOTLIGHT WORD:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

inheritor
berate
whole
shock
fanatic
alarm
explanation
intrude
elicit
trick

52.

SUBSTITUTIONS #3

Choose the best meaning for the word in italics, to show that you
understand the meaning of the entire sentence.

1. The leak in the roof is a paradigm of the problem with the
house.
(a) best example (b) last straw (c) paradox (d) little instance
2. The superpowers are trying for parity in the propaganda war.
(a) first (b) paring down (c) equality (d) divisiveness
3. If the dollar doesn't stabilize, a lot of citizens will suffer penury.
(a) slavery (b) peanuts (c) prison (d) poverty
4. Almost every idea that he planted was pruned or modified.
(a) bitter (b) wrinkled (c) cut out (d) chopped down
5. The ramifications of the proposal are profound.
(a) consequences (b) insinuations (c) deficiencies (d) wisdom

62

6. I don't relish going to that restaurant.
(a) eat dessert (b) appreciate (c) resist (d) hanker
7. He felt a renascence of all their resistance.
(a) restrengthening (b) supporting (c) dying (d) fleeing
8. Her fundamentalist interpretations got her in trouble with the
committee.
(a) strict-to-the-letter (b) down-and-out (c) sectarian
(d) revivalist
9. The legislation was sanctioned by three previous
administrations.
(a) disapproved (b) approved (c) fought (d) wanted
10. Since that time, relations between the nations have escalated
into sanctions.
(a) approvals (b) disapprovals (c) actions forcing compliance
(d) resistance actions
11. The stolid members of the church have their say, too.
(a) distinguished (b) apathetic (c) caring (d) unsung
12. These are economically stringent times.
(a) unwelcome (b) money-tight (c) lackadaisical (d) stringy
13. She let loose with a telling blow to the chest.
(a) angry (b) babbling (c) counteractive (d) weighty
14. I'm not sure that I grasp the need to make reparations.
(a) hold (b) contain (c) comprehend (d) finger
15. The agent's chagrin was so profound, I couldn't help but believe
his story.
(a) sorrow (b) wisdom (c) charge (d) embarrassment
16. Half the cost of schooling is attributable to the high cost of
housing.
(a) chargeable (b) blamable (c) down (d) included
17. She lacks a coherent approach toward the world.
(a) complex (b) complete (c) decided (d) consistent
18. That option sounds more calamitous than the previous one.
(a) stupid (b) slimy (c) miserable (d) wishful
19. It was afarcical episode, and one I'd like to forget.
(a) ridiculously inept (b) candid (c) wistfully funny (d) staged
20. The poorness of the book review was eclipsed by the author's
reputation.
(a) heightened (b) lessened in importance (c) never noticed
(d) doubled

63

53.

TRUE OR FALSE

All the words in the left-hand column have to do with truth or falseness.
Can you match them with their closest antonyms (opposites) in the righthand column?

64

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

credible
veritable
authenticator
bogus
candor
chicanery
crocodile
debrief
recant
rhetoric
substantive
righteously
trumped up
feigned
duplicitous
dubious
hypothetical
skepticism
purported

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
1.
m.
n.
o.
p.
q.
r.
s.

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

plausible
inequity
legitimacy
refute
pseudonym
alleged

t.
u.
v.
w.

promise
unjustifiably
aboveboard
conviction
brainwash
genuine
false
unbelievable
suspect
sincere
prove
verifiable
impermissibility
deceit
moniker
guilelessness
impugner
sorrowful
insubstantial

holding water
discounted
indisputable
justice
x. denied
y. frankness

54.

MORE FAMILY RESEMBLANCES

In each series, all but one of the words belong in the same family. Circle
the word that's an outsider, and tell what the others have in common.

I.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
IS.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

detrimental, hamper, impair, incapacitate, innocuous, toxic
fledgling, puerile, vernal, vintage
acronym, anonymity, euphemism, pseudonym
empirical, hypothetical, ingenuity, speculate
abort, deter, institute, obstructionist, preclude
blitzkrieg, holocaust, kamikaze, salvo
default, deficit, fiscal, shortfall, penury
boycott, foray, insurgency, offensive
formidable, gargantuan, grandiose, minuscule, plethora
catalyst, mentor, obliging, incorrigible
kamikaze, macabre, moribund, putative, specter
derisive, fandango, farcical, jest, ludicrous
fervent, mawkish, poignant, stolid, volatile
apotheosis, avatar, entrepreneur, menial, mogul
attache, envoy, junta, mentor, protege
fundamentalist, pacifist, pragmatist, populist, skeptic
harangue, mimic, monologist, palaver, rhetoric
chicanery, cuckold, gambit, ploy, vulpine
diligent, lax, meticulous, prudent
adulation, discipline, dissident, espouse

55.

SHADES OF MEANING

The language is filled with words that have somewhat the same meaning. For each pair of words defined below, decide which means which.

65

1. (a)
(b)
2. (a)
(b)
3. (a)
(b)
4. (a)
(b)
5. (a)
(b)
6. (a)
(b)
7. (a)
(b)
8. (a)
(b)
9. (a)
(b)
10. (a)
(b)
11. (a)
(b)
12. (a)
(b)
13. (a)
(b)
14. (a)
(b)
IS. (a)
(b)
16. (a)
(b)
17. (a)

66

stigmatize
proscribe
unconscionable
incorrigible
vindicate
reinstate
redress
refute
grouse
grievance
nostrum
panacea
contrition
recantation
culpable
infamous
transgression
subversion
inequity
disparity
instigate
institute
disavow
waive
domineering
repressive
shrewd
spurious
demean
defile
lambaste
harangue
traumatization

(1) denounce as being dangerous

(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)

mark as being contemptible
uncontrollable
unreasonable
free from blame
restore to prior position
to disprove with evidence
to set right or make up for
complaint
complaint for a reason
ineffective cure
cure for everything
a confession of error
sorrow for error
guilty of wrongdoing
criminal or bad
going beyond the law's limits
working against the government
difference
unfairness
to push forward
to start moving
to let go voluntarily
to deny responsibility for
preventing expression
controlling
tricky
deceitful
to corrupt
to lower in status
to attack verbally
to speak pretentiously
worry

(b)
18. (a)
(b)
19. (a)
(b)
20. (a)

trepidation
educe
perceive
officious
overarching
nurture

(b) foster

56.

(2)
(I)
(2)
(I)
(2)
(I)

emotional harm
to figure out
to sense
dominating
meddling
to encourage development

(2) to help development

MEET THE PRESS #5

Try your hand at one more set of sentences straight from the popular
press.

1. They suffered years of impotent anguish, watching helplessly as
terrorists bombed and kidnapped.
(a) strong (b) unhelpful (c) powerless (d) defenseless
2. The Brigades faction decided to reassert its strength with an
especially bold gesture.
(a) crowd (b) wing (c) melange (d) junta
3. The police s~arch managed an unprecedented penetration of the
Red Brigades.
(a) first-time (b) unheralded (c) uncalled-for (d) one-time
4. At home there is a bitter polarization between the self-interested rich and the resentful poor.
(a) irony (b) division (c) opposition (d) wishing
5. The government is attempting to set an example of austerity.
(a) simplicity (b) anguish (c) coldness (d) sterility
6. He proved to be the perfectfoil for the dynamic Sadat: efficient,
. disciplined, self-effacing.
(a) thin sheet (b) writing paper (c) contrast (d) lackey
7. She has been able to bring about a tangible if subtle change in
the country's mood.
(a) real (b) touching (c) constant (d) temporary
8. They've been brought up on charges of fomenting religious
strife.

67

(a) churning up (b) measuring (c) tormenting (d) starting up
9. On the arms question they may ask for parity with Israel.
(a) trouble (b) equal settlement (c) division
(d) equal buying power

10. They don't want any overt concessions that would make Egypt
lose credibility in the Arab world.
(a) quick. responsibility (b) noticeable. believability
(c) total, respect (d) old, face
11. The spokesman charged that the Kremlin was "bent on the
mortification of national dignity."
(a) defiance (b) embarrassment (c) humiliation (d) killing
12. They seem to have learned nothing from the numerous grave
ruptures in the past.
(a) outbreaks (b) breaches ofthe peace (c) floods
(d) breaches in the line
13. Many believe that the current schism is irreversible.
(a) party line (b) witch hunt (c) break between people
(d) refusal to cooperate
14. The image that flashed on the screen was a veritable bust of the
great master.
(a) close as you can get (b) too close for comfort (c) provable
(d) magnificent
15. Especially noticeable were his advanced age and less than
robust demeanor.
(a) paunch (b) fury (c) body (d) behavior
16. We expected them to use their formidable authority to ensure
an orderly transfer of power.
(a) total (b) awesome (c) futile (d) useful
17. In the arcane field of Kremlinology, they are the two most
important counselors.
(a) mysterious (b) troubled (c) tricky (d) sugary
18. The exultant guerillas quickly issued a communique claiming
that they had destroyed several aircraft.
(a) jubilant (b) devious (c) remaining (d) exiting
19. The deficit ran to over a hundred billion dollars.
(a) defeat (b) bill (c) loss (d) cost
20. The debate in the House of Commons was acrimonious.
(a) fiery (b) tasty (c) marked by harsh words
(d) marked by foot-stomping

68

57.

SCRAMBLED MAXIMS #5

Again, the first letter of every word, reading from top to bottom, spells
out the halves of two old sayings. Can you spell out the maxims-and
then locate the scrambled maxim that contains the other halves of both
sayings?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

comparison by substitution
opposite of hidden
quack remedy
of suicidal air crashes
clear and unmistakable
second person singular or plural
short newspaper item
provable by seeing or doing
arm of the sea
luminous
opposite of offensive or harmful
loud warning signal
of man's effect on environment
jargon or code language
to transfer property, bargain, or manage
opposite of elect
foolish, silly
opposite of unskillful
frenzy or rage, often of a group
an attack
a negativist or interferer
deserved lickings, beatings

Words to choose from: argot, deft, ecological, estuary, explicit, furor,
empirical, innocuous, kamikaze, klaxon, ludicrous, lumps, lustrous,
metaphor, negotiate, nostrum, obstructionist, offensive, overt, oust, squib,
you.

69

58.

PERSONALITIES

The language is filled with words that express personality quirks. See if
you can match the quirks that appear in the left-hand list with their
antonyms or opposites in the right-hand list.

1. a flamboyant dresser
2. an obstructionist when work is to be
done
3. an intransigent arguer
4. a banal sense of humor
5. a bogus ambassador
6. an intimidating stare
7. a latent cat-lover
8. a penchant for green peas and honey
9. mawkish about babies
10. a meticulous carpenter
11. an austere hairdo
12. deft with a paintbrush
13. precipitate in making decisions
14. a bland way of speaking
15. an irreverent jokester
16. an ingenious designer
17. a domineering spouse
18. an ineffedualleader
19. an insatiable appetite
20. duplicitous in dealing with others

59.

a. obvious
b. ornate

c. imaginative
d.
e.
f.
g.

resultful
unfeeling
unostentatious

pious
h. honest
i. protective
j. helper
k. deliberate
l. real
m. awkward
n. yielding
o. brusque
p. satisfiable
q. dislike
r. submissive
s. dull-witted
t. careless

NO MATTER

As you can see, no appears in all the words below. Read the questions
and fill in the missing letters.

1. What's something you take
to kill pain?

70

an _""no"'--

_

2. What's a totally inoffensive
no
person?
3. What's a person who talks
no
nonstop?
a
4. What if you won't tell
no
you're
your name?
5. What's -the way you look
your
and act?
6. Why won't the woman
offer an opinion?
she's
7. What's an independent
no
country?
8. What's something that
no
deviates from the norm?
an
no
9. What's a famous person?
10. What's a medicine that
probably doesn't help?
a

60.

no

HOW VERBAL ARE YOU #3

Now that you've done a few verb-finding games, we'll make it a bit
tougher. How many verbs can you find from just the definitions and the
additional clues-without the crutch of words to choose from?

1. to prevent from acting (5 letters beginning with d)
2. to fold into twists and turns (9 letters beginning with c)
3. to move or speak hesitatingly; to lose effectiveness (6 letters
beginning with j)
4. to bring out; to deduce (5 letters beginning with e)
5. to deny responsibility for something (7 letters beginning with d)
6. to make better by filling completely with something (6 letters
beginning with i)
7. to keep from moving by using obstacles (6 letters beginning
with h)
8. to speak or act without being serious (4 letters beginning with j)

71

9. to wander or wind casually along a path (7 letters beginning
with m)
10, to come between two others (9 letters beginning with i)
11. to become liable for something, such as damages (5 letters
beginning with i)
12. to sink under a weight, as if sinking under water (7 letters
beginning with 1)
13. to penetrate sufficiently enough that one understands (6 letters
beginning with 1)
14. assume an air of superiority (10 letters beginning with c)
15. to motivate (7 letters beginning with i)
16. to prod into action (4 letters beginning with g)
17. to devote to a purpose showing great dedication (10 letters
beginning with c)
18. to speak badly of someone (6 letters beginning with m)
19. to go up in amount or intensity (8 letters beginning with e)
20. to make fun of through imitation (5 letters beginning with m)

61.

A NATION OF ATIONS

The Latin ending ion (originally meaning "state of," "act of," or "process of") has been added to so many English verbs and adjectives
ending in ate (with the final "e" being dropped along the way) that other
words that didn't originally end in ate have formed their nouns with the
ending ation. Can you name the nouns in our word list that all end in

ation?
1. a cry of grief
2. a back and forth movement
3. movement to opposite ends of an issue
4. uncertainty mixed with some fear
5, a face-to-face clash of ideas
6. calling on someone for moral support
7. a legal battle
8. standing so long it becomes stale

72

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
IS.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

formal approval
denying oneself life's luxuries
turning one's assets into cash
a systematized statement
a deviation from the norm or unsoundness of mind
a bit of something that's pleasurably exciting
humiliation to one's self-respect
a consequence of one's actions
extreme admiration
public condemnation
a person who's a prime example of a particular quality
the attachment of a new thing to an old one

Words to choose from: aberration, adulation, annexation, approbation, confrontation, denunciation, fluctuation, formulation, incarnation, invocation,
lamentation, liquidation, litigation, mortification, polarization, ramification,
renunciation, stagnation, titillation, trepidation.

62.

CURRENT EVENTS

Test your understanding of these sentences that appeared in a
newsmagazine.

1. The book is full of strange tales of grieving women and
domineering men.
(a) ruling (b) tyrannizing (c) fat (d) game-playing
2. There are bewildered husbands, inexplicable marriages, and
acrimonious separations.
(a) tearful (b) harsh-worded (c) angry (d) sanctimonious
3. The drab effect is of trite case studies masquerading as
literature.
(a) olive-green, useless (b) uninteresting, hackneyed
(c) grubby, silly (d) brag, useless
4. It focused on the private lives laid bare by pervasive
surveillance.
(a) thorough (b) constant (c) obnoxious (d) long

73

5. Privately, he is a decent if doddering family man.
(a) silly (b) fatherly (c) anything (d) talkative
6. As an ambivalent figurehead for Big Business, he earns little
sympathy.
(a) either-handed (b) even-handed (c) uncertain (d) valueless
7. The Chinese assumptions about the role art plays in society are
sundered from those postulates we normally carry with us.
(a) torn, posters (b) devised, ideas (c) shining, afterthoughts
(d) completely separate, premises
8. News editors were briefed on severance arrangements to go into
effect if the newspaper closes.
(a) harsh (b) dismissal (c) pay (d) worship
9. Computer crime is an ongoing challenge that demands diligent
attention.
(a) unrelenting (b) relative (c) daily (d) weekly
10. The computer has become a source of trepidation as well as an
indispensable tool.
(a) timidity (b) tripping (c) rapid advances (d) worry
11. Legislation has languished in committee as legislators have
concentrated on tax issues.
(a) lengthened (b) run rampant (c) lain inert (d) been changed
12. Much of the chicanery goes undetected.
(a) trickery (b) chicken-stealing (c) fancy talk (d) sugar cutting
13. A New York banker pilfered secret information from a rival
bank.
(a) filtered (b) pulled out (c) bought (d) swiped
14. The bonuses became a bitter issue during an acrid House of
Commons debate.
(a) ceremonious (b) bitter (c) quick (d) masterful
15. The present standoff between bankers and Poles could go on
interminably.
(a) indeterminately (b) from time to time (c) forever
(d) interestingly
16. If they demand too much too soon, bankers will declare Poland
in default, and they'll stand little chance of receiving what is
owed to them.
(a) in error (b) as having poor judgment
(c) as losing their rights (d) at fault

74

17. This is a problem that will not go away no matter how much
politicians harangue and harass the chairman.
(a) talk at and annoy (b) try and stop (c) beg and argue
(d) follow and kick
18. Intense negotiations began, faltered once, and then picked up
speed.
(a) displays, stopped (b) bargains, tripped
(c) developments, halted (d) bargaining, lost steam
19. Both sides should draw solace from their success.
(a) praise (b) standing (c) polish (d) comfort
20. One explanation being bruited about is that people might have
begun withdrawing their money.
(a) boasted (b) forced on people (c) whispered around
(d) told and retold

63.

SHADES OF MEANING #2

Sometimes two words are so close in meaning, we use them
interchangeably. Sometimes the difference in meaning is just wide
enough that they can't be substituted for one another. From the choices
in each set below, decide which word has which meaning.

1. (a)
(b)
2. (a)
(b)
3, (a)

memorabilia
retrospective
ponder
conjecture
excessive

(1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)

(b)
4. (a)
(b)
S. (a)

exorbitant
evoke
elicit
diversion

(2) exceeding normal limits
(1) to bring into the open

(b) escapism
6. (a) anonymous
(b) pseudonymous

based on memory
things worth remembering
to wonder about
to guess about
more than is normal

(2) to call to mind
(1) distracting the attention from
reality or routine
(2) distracting the attention from
unhappiness
(l) giving no name
(2) giving a false name

75

7. (a)
(b)
8. (a)
(b)
9. (a)
(b)
10. (a)
(b)
11. (a)
(b)
12. (a)
(b)
13. (a)
(b)
14. (a)
(b)
15. (a)
(b)
16. (a)
(b)
17. (a)
(b)
18. (a)
(b)
19. (a)
(b)
20. (a)
(b)

76

denunciation
renunciation
euphoric
exultant
imperative
inevitable
indigent
penurious
broach
mount
polarizing
divisive
grandiose
magnific
ostensibly
putatively
hypothesis
conjecture
explicit
overt
plausible
empirical
evasive
elusive
gyra